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Storia del Fermano

History of Fermo

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FAQ - General

The city of Fermo probably obtained its from the Latin adjective "firmus", meaning both "faithful" and "inflexible". The city crest is a shield divided in four; two quarters bear an eagle, the other two a cross. The city motto is Firmum firma fides, Romanorum colonia ("Fermo firmly faithful, a Roman colony"), due to its loyalty during the Punic wars.

Fermo is located at the feet of the Sabulo hill and is overlooked by the Cathedral consacrated to the Assumption of Mary. There are two very different faces of Fermo: the new, modern town, with schools and offices, and the ancient historic town, which centres on top of the Sabulo hill, still intact in its medieval appearance. Archeological excavations have brought to light proto-etruscan grave goods from the IX-VIII centuries b.C. This led experts to believe that Fermo was a privileged cultural centre of the Villanovan culture.

Fermo was made a Roman colony in 264 b.C. and as such took part in many military campaigns; its inhabitants obtained the Roman citizenship in 90 a.D. The Longobards later conquered the town, which became a free city-state in 1199 and went through several lordships.

Fermo became the administrative centre of the "Marca Fermana" (the March of the Fermo territory), which covered the area between the Apennines and the sea that extended from the Musone river to Vasto (Chieti) and beyond. Under the Napoleon rule, Fermo was appointed administrative centre of the Tronto region, one of the three departments into which the Marches were split.

In 2004, the Fermo province was established.

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